Cocaine Addiction as Part of Dual Diagnosis

Cocaine addiction has been a problem ever since. It can affect every level of the society. It can be a main variable to ruined one’s family. Cautiousness should always be present. This type of addiction normally begins from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.

The origins of cocaine can be traced from the coca plant. Cocaine can be used in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt quicker. It can also be injected to the body by letting it melt first in the water. The use of cocaine gives off feelings of euphoria. Repetitions of experiencing the euphoria is what makes people to keep on utilizing this kind of substance.

There are indications when one can say that a person is cocaine addicted. These indications can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, being restless, horrid kind of dreams, too much or oversleeping, eating too much, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions, pains in the upper body, difficulty of breathing, muscle weakness, weight loss, and changes in the behavior are examples of intoxication symptoms.

The very apparent change in behavior is the thing that is most noticed when one gets tangled to an addictive substance. These behavioral changes can include the following: sociability changes, hypervigilance, hypersensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. This can be summed up as a damaged way of thinking.

These changes in behavior due to the use of drug can actually develop to a mental illness. Substance addiction plus a mental illness does actually have a term, dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of substance abuse problem and a mental disorder. There are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder as explained by the causality theory of dual diagnosis. The effect of the substance is the reason why such things can occur. Example of this is the substance cocaine.

How can we be able to treat this kind of problem? It is one of the problems that dual diagnosis has always been carrying. When one has substance abuse problems, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center for recovery. There are also recovery centers available that caters to the special needs of individuals with mental illness. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Experts in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.

In the field of psychology, dual diagnosis is quite new which is its treatment only exists by principle. The way in treating substance abuse problems and the way in treating the problem of mental illness should be joined together. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.

Cocaine addiction and mental illness’ symptoms can overlap each other leaving it hard for dual diagnosis to treat easily. The problem of denial can also come in. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not acknowledge that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then assume that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The wanting of help should first start with the acceptance of substance abuse. When the affected is the one to ask for help, denial would never be a problem. Thus, recovery is on its way.

Cocaine addiction has a very high chance of developing into dual diagnosis, one should always be careful.

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