On of the very dangerous mental disorder is eating disorder. It gives off a lot of medical problems. These medical complications are the following: heart rate going slow, irregular heartbeat, heart, jaundice, taste buds getting impaired, hypoglycemia, dehydration, tetanus, anemia, vulnerability to bleeding, decalcification, decaying of the tooth, amenorrhea, sexual interest decreases, impotence, swelling of the salivary gland, acute expansion of the stomach, constipation, weakness, and hypothermia. I do not have to explain more why it is really dangerous, right?
Eating disorder has two types. One is called anorexia nervosa and the other one is called bulimia nervosa Anorexia nervosa is taking out more weight by means of not eating or eating a very little amount for very extensive periods of time. Bulimia nervosa is losing weight by means of binging as a way to control eating. However, there are certain criterions before one is diagnosed to have an eating disorder.
To be diagnosed of having anorexia nervosa, one should meet the following criteria. This is according to the latest version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
1. The rejection to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height.
2. Having an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat even though being obviously underweight.
3. Distortions in the perception of one’s body weight or shape, unnecessary power of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight.
4. For women who have reached menarche, the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.
Below are the criteria to be diagnosed of having bulimia nervosa:
1. Having persistent episodes of binge eating that characterizes the following:
a. Intake of a quantity of food in a discrete period of time that is definitely larger than most people would intake.
b. In this discrete period, there is a deficient of control over eating.
2. Having continuing inappropriate behaviors in putting off weight increase such as self- induced vomiting; misusing of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, and other medications to induce vomiting; fasting, and excessive exercise.
3. The standard incidence of binge eating and inappropriate purging behaviors is at least twice a week for three months.
4. The influence of body shape and weight in one’s self- evaluation.
Luckily, important progress for eating disorder treatment has been made in the recent years. There are now numerous ways for one to recover from the bad effects eating disorder brings. One of the most effective eating disorder treatments is the use of medications. In decreasing binging and vomiting, tricyclic antidepressants are being used. There are also extra medications such as monoamine oxidase and fluoxetine that are comparable to the effects the tricyclic antidepressants brings. Although on an significant side, these drugs have addictive substances. Addiction always starts with the use of drugs that creates tolerance.
Another important and effective way to treat eating disorders is getting the patient into an eating disorder rehab centers. Eating disorder rehab centers are there to offer an institutionalized way of treatment. The patient will be kept in a rehab centers with fellow individuals who too has an eating disorder. The assurance of recovery is present because the physician can monitor and control the patient’s environment.
It is important for someone who has an eating disorder to seek an eating disorder treatment. Getting into a rehab is one of the eating disorder treatments that guaranteed for your recovery.