In current society, there is quite an alarm due to the rising of many mental illnesses and disorders. It smoothed and used the intelligence of psychologists and mind specialists to discover on how to treat such illnesses and disorders. These treatments can be in a lot ways such as by method of biological treatments, by way of psychological therapies and by way of approaching the illness or the disorder socially.
Biological treatments usually entail the use of drugs prescribed by a physician or a specialist. There are anti-psychotic medications that one’s made up perceptual experiences, unreal way of thinking, and other symptoms of psychosis could be reduced. Examples of these anti-psychotic drugs are Thorazine, Haldol, and Clozaril. There are also antidepressant drugs that help the symptoms of depressions decrease. Examples of these antidepressant drugs are Parnate, Elavil, and Prozac. Also part of biological treatments is Lithium. Lithium does its job by blocking calcium channel that causes mania. It is also an anti- convulsant. Lithobid and Cibalth-S are examples of Lithium. Also part of biological treatments is barbiturates and benzodiazepines that work by reducing anxiety. Nembutal is an example of a barbituarte while Valium is an example of a benzodiazepine. Electroconvulsive therapies and psychosurgery is also part of these biological treatments but use only in strict and very rare situations.
Treating illnesses and disorders by psychological therapies focuses on determining and solving conflicts that happens to be unconscious. These psychological therapies include behavior therapies, cognitive therapies, and humanistic therapies. Behavior therapies function by way of influencing the maladaptive behaviors of people. Cognitive therapies work by way of demanding and trying to change the maladaptive ways of how people think while humanistic therapies tries to help people in finding out their greatest potential and healing themselves in the process.
Behavior therapies are founded on the patient’s behavioral assessment. How these behaviors come about is the chief work of behavioral assessment. Upon knowing these attitudes and behaviors, the therapist devises methods and techniques in extinguishing the unwanted behaviors and in learning pleasing ones.
Cognitive therapies have three main goals. First, identify the unreasonable and maladaptive thoughts of the individual. Second, teach individuals to believe other alternative ways of thinking. Third, to get the individual to face his or her worst fears and recognize ways on how to cope up.
Humanistic therapies are mostly referred to as person-centered therapy. This is made through looking at the self and discovering one’s potentialities and place in the world. There is only one way for an individual and that is to grow. This is one of the most powerful assumptions of this therapy.
Another way of approaching the problems of these illnesses and disorders is solving it socially. This way of approaching illnesses and disorders attempts viewing a person as part of very large systems of relationship. The person is influenced by the culture he belongs and its social forces. In this kind of therapy, it is believed that this large system must be addressed in order to recover. The social way of approaching as a treatment is compiled by numerous factors. One factor in approaching socially is interpersonal therapy. Interpersonal therapy tries to explore
what has added up to the person’s depression. It nails down as to who are the key persons concerned in the current stress and what are the present disputes and disappointments. It helps evaluates whether the person is learning how to manage with the problem and in finding what are the patients assets. Family Systems Therapy is also part of this approach. Family System Therapy believes that the individuals’ problem rises from an interpersonal system particularly the family system. This therapy challenges and disrupts the current dysfunctional dynamics that the family has in order to help the individual with the disorder recover. Group therapy is also included in this approach. Group therapy works by having a number of individual who has illnesses and disorders to talk about their experiences and in the process starts healing.
These are the holistic options that one can avail in order to treat his or her mental illnesses and disorders. Holistic options are said to be the most effective treatment since it includes everything. On the other hand, one can also avail of a specialty treatment dependent upon what it is that really cause the disorder. Most centers have specialty treatments to help the individual recover. One does not have to suffer long for any kind of disorder. There is always help available .
Holistic Options and specialty treatments are provided in order to help suffering individuals’ recover.