Dual diagnosis is being used to describe the co-occurrence of mental illness and substance-abuse problem of an individual. A broad range of psychosocial issues and several relating illnesses can be experienced by an individual who has dual diagnosis.When one faces dual diagnosis, the physical, social, spiritual, and psychological aspect of the person will be affected. It ought to be taken into story that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two detached illnesses. There is an interaction of these two illnesses. The illnesses may exacerbate each other and each disorder predisposes to relapse in the other disease. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
There are many theories that attempt to explain dual diagnosis. One of them is the causality theory. Causality theory offers that there are types of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. The proofs of the connections on the use of marijuana and the developing of psychosis is an example. An added theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are dangerous factors that lead to having dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are association with people who abuses drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also another theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It gives details that there are individuals with intense mental illness who has vulnerabilities either psychological or biological. One’s genes and environment can caused this vulnerability. These vulnerabilities can result in acquiring a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. Dual diagnosis is settling in.
Dual diagnosis poses many problems. One of the main problem is only one illness is identified in most cases of dual diagnosis resulting to a lack of treatment. The denial which is almost always near in different cases is also a problem. These create therapists and psychiatrists to have a hard time discovering dual diagnosis and make them propose treatments that would only provide a little help.
It creates quite a problem looking for proper treatments for this kind of condition. It would be impossible for one to find a treatment center that would cater to a person with dual diagnosis. A treatment center that addresses to the problem of substance abuse does not accept someone with intense mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the recovery of people with serious mental conditions is not skilled in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
There are different co-occurring illnesses that can be identified as dual diagnosis. It’s not just all about substance abuse and mental illness. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. This term is quite new in the world of psychology which explains the fact of its problem in terms of treatment. There is always progress in the psychological field, it is no impossibility for a treatment center to be established that would cater to the special needs of those who have dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis poses a great problem because there are no treatment centers available to help people recover.