When one hears the word alcohol addiction, immediately a picture of a man will appear in one’s mind. This is how the pigeonhole of alcohol addiction on each society. However, the stereotype has changed and society has to accept the fact that there are now many women who are into alcohol addiction. However, there’s still a particular stigma with regards to women and alcohol addiction. This kind of stigma promotes denial. For a man, it is easier to admit alcohol addiction than for a woman. Therefore, the death rate from alcohol addiction, percentage-wise, in women who have alcohol addiction is higher than it is in men.
Women appear to be more vulnerable than men to many adverse consequences of alcohol use. Regardless of taking in similar amounts of alcohol, women have the capability to get bigger concentrations of alcohol in the blood as compared to men. Research also says that women are more vulnerable than men to alcohol-related organ damage and to trauma resulting from traffic crashes and interpersonal violence. In addition, women absorb and metabolize alcohol differently than men. In general, women have less body water than men of the same body weight, so that women achieve higher concentrations of alcohol in the blood after taking in equivalent amounts of alcohol. In addition, women appear to eliminate alcohol from the blood faster than men. Since alcohol is mostly metabolized in the liver, this certain finding may be attributed to the higher volume of a woman’s liver per unit lean body mass as compared to men.
What damages does alcohol do to women? Compared with men, women develop alcohol-induced liver disease over a shorter period of time and after consuming less alcohol. To add, alcoholic hepatitis and death from cirrhosis are more likely to affect women than men. Animal research suggests that women’s increased risk for liver damage may be linked to physiological effects of the female reproductive hormone estrogen.
Many factors have been associated with women’s vulnerability to alcohol addiction. Genetic factor is one of the primary reason that is s aid to cause alcohol addiction. Studies of women who had been adopted at birth have shown a significant association between alcoholism in adoptees and their biological parents. To add, antisocial personality (e.g., aggressiveness) in biological parents may foresee alcohol addiction in both male and female adoptees. However, potential links between genetic and environmental influences need to be further studied. Also, results of a big nationwide survey explain that more than 40 percent of persons who initiated taking in alcohol beforereaching the age of 15 were diagnosed as alcohol dependent at some point in their lives. Percentage rates of lifetime dependence decreased to approximately 10 percent among those who began drinking at age 20 or older. Women’s alcohol use has been linked to physical abuse in the point go adulthood. However, there are also other related problems that comes with alcohol addiction. A certain study has found out that notably more women undergoing alcohol addiction treatment experienced severe partner violence (e.g., kicking, punching, or threatening with a weapon) compared with other women in the community.
Alcohol addiction has been mostly linked to men. However, there are currently a growing number of women that has been known to suffer from alcohol addiction